The following definition of human trafficking is framed within the legislative and legal framework in Canada:
Human trafficking involves any person or group who recruits, transports, transfers, receives, holds, conceals, or harbours a person, or exercises control, direction, or influence over the movements of a person or people for the purposes of exploiting them, or facilitating their exploitation. Victims of human trafficking may be exploited for the purposes of sexual exploitation, forced labour, or organ removal. Trafficked victims can be of any age, gender or citizenship and usually cannot, or perceive they cannot, leave their circumstances. Human trafficking occurs domestically within Canada, as well as internationally to and from Canada.
For more information visit Public Safety Canada.
National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking
Report of National Forum and Workshop on Trafficking
28-29 November, 2012
An Exploration of Promising Practices in Response to Human Trafficking in Canada
September 28th. 2010
This report was commissioned by the Government of Manitoba on behalf of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) Forum of Senior Officials responsible for the Status of Women. The purpose of the report is to identify practices - either in Canada or elsewhere - that could inform Canadian efforts to prevent human trafficking and support those who are trafficked. Read the report here in English and French.
Each trafficked person is an individual, and each will have different issues, concerns and service needs. All will need a sense of personal freedom and safety. However, one person may need only one kind of service such as health care or another employment option, while another may have a variety of needs such as legal status to remain in Canada, counseling, or safe housing.
Usually, a victim will require a combination of support services at differing times in his or her recovery. Practitioners and academics have likened the provision of direct services to victims of human trafficking as being similar to the provision of services to either refugees who have experienced torture, or victims of domestic violence (See: Oksana Yakushko. Human Trafficking: A Review for Mental Health Professionals. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling 31 (2009), pp. 158-167).
For more information about possible support services in Nova Scotia, click here.
Informational Postcards in nine languages
May 9th, 2012
Organizations that address human trafficking
June 8th, 2012